What Are The Causes And Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

Have you ever suffered from pneumonia? It is a serious illness and must be treated immediately. It is an infection that affects your lungs. It occurs when your air sacs get filled with pus or fluid. It causes fever, cough, chills and sometimes breathing problems as well. Pneumonia attacks the body due to virus, fungi or even bacteria. Pneumonia can be life-threatening for infants, children and elderly people. It makes the immune system weaker. Pneumonia-related deaths are very high among the infants. If you learn about the symptoms and causes of pneumonia then you will be able to prevent it from happening to you.

Symptoms of Pneumonia

There are various clear symptoms of pneumonia including a cough, chest pain, fever, nausea, breathing problem, etc. Infants become restless when they have pneumonia. They also appear to be tired and have loss of appetite. Many people think that the major symptoms of pneumonia are fever and cough. But it is not the case always. Older people who suffer from pneumonia may not show any signs of either fever or a cough. They lose their ability to think properly. They feel confused all the time. If you have a lung infection then there is a high possibility that you might have pneumonia as well.

Causes of Pneumonia

Pneumonia is caused due to germs. Viruses and bacteria that float in the air are main causes of pneumonia. The most common causes of pneumonia are:

Bacteria

If you have the flu or cold, then you might have pneumonia if the condition worsens. If you live in hospitals or other care facilities for a long time then there is a high chance that you may have this disease.

Fungi

These are found in bird droppings and soil. These can enter your body if you have a weak immune system.

Viruses

The same viruses that cause flu or cold can cause pneumonia, especially in children who are less than five years old. It causes a mild form of pneumonia but must be treated quickly. Otherwise, it may become serious.

Chronic disease

If you suffer from asthma, heart disease or COPD then you are likely to suffer from pneumonia. So, these patients must be very careful and take good care of themselves.

Smoking

When you smoke your immune system becomes weak. So, you have a high chance of having pneumonia. If your immune system is weak bacteria, fungi and viruses will easily enter your body and cause pneumonia.

If the condition persists for some time then you should see a doctor. If you have a fever of 1020F consistently along with chest pain and breathing difficulty then you should immediately visit your doctor. There is vaccination available for pneumonia. You should make sure that your children get the right dose of this vaccine to reduce the chance of having this serious illness.

Major causes and symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Many men suffer from prostate cancer every year. This gland is found in the pelvis. It plays a very important reproductive function in men. Usually, men have this cancer at an elderly age. Normally the cancer is not aggressive; it grows slowly. In some rare cases, the cancer cells can grow aggressively.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

If your cancer is in the early stage then you won’t notice any symptom. Once you get to the advanced stage, you will see that you are urinating more often at night and you may see blood in the urine. You may experience pain in your hip, chest, and back. Some people don’t have any feelings on the leg. The difficult part about the diagnosis of prostate cancer is that the symptoms mentioned don’t necessarily prove that you have prostate cancer. These symptoms may be the result of other less complicated diseases as well.

Causes of prostate cancer

The doctors cannot find the exact causes of prostate cancer. In some cases, it may occur due to changes in the inherited gene.  Other factors are also involved. Here are some of the causes of prostate cancer.

DNA mutations

DNA mutations can be of two types: inherited and acquired. In case of inherited gene mutations, the change in DNA has been passed through generations. This is sometimes called hereditary cancer. Some of the mutated genes include BRCA1, BRCA2, RNASEL, etc. So, if you had a family history of prostate cancer then you are likely to have it too. Acquired gene mutations are not passed from one generation to the next.

Age

Men who are more than 65 years old have a high chance of having this disease. It rarely affects those under the age of 40. So, once you reach the age of 65, you should get a checkup for prostate cancer.

Race

African-American men are more likely to suffer from this disease. Latino and Asian-American men have the least percentage of prostate cancer. Most of the African-American men are also diagnosed with prostate cancer at an advanced stage. So, death due to prostate cancer among them is high.

Diet

If your meal contains fewer fruits and vegetables, and more red meat then you are at a risk of having prostate cancer. In a recent study, it is found that high-fat milk causes prostate cancer.

Geographic location

If you are an Asian living in America then you have a low chance of having prostate cancer. But if you live in Asia then you have a higher chance of having prostate cancer. In general, prostate cancer is common in North America, northwestern Europe, Australia or the Caribbean region.

It is better to diagnose early so that proper treatment can be taken. If the prostate cancer is detected at an advanced stage then the risk of death is high. You should eat healthy food, especially as you grow old, to reduce the chances of having prostate cancer.

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