Major causes and symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Many men suffer from prostate cancer every year. This gland is found in the pelvis. It plays a very important reproductive function in men. Usually, men have this cancer at an elderly age. Normally the cancer is not aggressive; it grows slowly. In some rare cases, the cancer cells can grow aggressively.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

If your cancer is in the early stage then you won’t notice any symptom. Once you get to the advanced stage, you will see that you are urinating more often at night and you may see blood in the urine. You may experience pain in your hip, chest, and back. Some people don’t have any feelings on the leg. The difficult part about the diagnosis of prostate cancer is that the symptoms mentioned don’t necessarily prove that you have prostate cancer. These symptoms may be the result of other less complicated diseases as well.

Causes of prostate cancer

The doctors cannot find the exact causes of prostate cancer. In some cases, it may occur due to changes in the inherited gene.  Other factors are also involved. Here are some of the causes of prostate cancer.

DNA mutations

DNA mutations can be of two types: inherited and acquired. In case of inherited gene mutations, the change in DNA has been passed through generations. This is sometimes called hereditary cancer. Some of the mutated genes include BRCA1, BRCA2, RNASEL, etc. So, if you had a family history of prostate cancer then you are likely to have it too. Acquired gene mutations are not passed from one generation to the next.

Age

Men who are more than 65 years old have a high chance of having this disease. It rarely affects those under the age of 40. So, once you reach the age of 65, you should get a checkup for prostate cancer.

Race

African-American men are more likely to suffer from this disease. Latino and Asian-American men have the least percentage of prostate cancer. Most of the African-American men are also diagnosed with prostate cancer at an advanced stage. So, death due to prostate cancer among them is high.

Diet

If your meal contains fewer fruits and vegetables, and more red meat then you are at a risk of having prostate cancer. In a recent study, it is found that high-fat milk causes prostate cancer.

Geographic location

If you are an Asian living in America then you have a low chance of having prostate cancer. But if you live in Asia then you have a higher chance of having prostate cancer. In general, prostate cancer is common in North America, northwestern Europe, Australia or the Caribbean region.

It is better to diagnose early so that proper treatment can be taken. If the prostate cancer is detected at an advanced stage then the risk of death is high. You should eat healthy food, especially as you grow old, to reduce the chances of having prostate cancer.

    Anthony B. Pearson

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